Economic Life

Researchers assume that the people that resided in the area of Lepenski Vir are the descendants of the early Europeans who emanated from the Czech Republic, and whose economic life entirely comprised of hunting and gathering. These researchers point to the evidence of temporary dwellings which may have been constructed purposefully to aid in the activity of hunting and gathering both raw materials and food. The implication of this is that the people within the settlement may have been semi-nomadic and with some kind of management in exploiting the available resources, and who emanated from an area that may have been far from the village.

This is, however, arguable as another team of researchers claims that the main activity of the people was fishing. The concept of fishing comes from the presence of the river, and there are geographical factors that make fishes more available around the settlement in comparison with other places along the river. Also, the spatial arrangement of the houses within the settlement appears to suggest rapid movement towards the river which may imply some form of dependence on the river for food and not just as a source of water.

Another team of researchers believe that the people lived at a time when there was the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture. This proposition is supported by the tools and arms made of stone, antler and bone, and jewelery and pottery that were made of pebbles and shells which is the evidence of the Neolithic period when people started cultivating land and taming their animals. Also, the researchers state that there is evidence of a gradual disappearance of the fish sculptures and architecture. Trade can also be considered as a possible explanation for the existence of tools and temporary dwellings as the open squares found within the layout of the houses may have been used as marketplaces, and the population may have traded fish for other food items and goods not found within the surroundings of the settlements.